Currently, there are few issues that polarize Europe as much as the debate on flight, migration and integration. In 2016 alone, 1.2 million people submitted a first application for asylum in the European Union. At the same time, political positions of the individual countries could not be more different: questions on border protection, quotas, solidarity, identity, migration and integration are shaping the debate – divisively and emotionally.
In order to build bridges, in early 2017 the Friedrich Ebert Foundation launched a European-wide project "Flight, Migration, Integration in Europe". The project aims to:
To implement these goals, the FES project organizes events for European multipliers and decision-makers. We bring actors together and support networks. Our publications and scientific reports offer political consultancy.
In this years’ European election, there is no doubt that migration will be one of the most dominant and probably also crucial topics – often accompanied with a bitter dispute over political actions. While some, led by often right-wing populists, are calling for a stronger focus on security issues, e.g. protecting borders and stricter deportations, others stress the humanitarian obligation towards people in need. Both attitudes, however, have in common that they contribute to an image of a divided continent between pro- and anti-migration supporters – a situation that seems to be present since the so-called migration crisis in 2015/16. But has this crisis really changed the Europeans' attitude to migration? And did it contribute to the fact that Europe is really more divided than before?
Please find the full study here.
The Hungarian institute Bakamo Social evaluated more than 45 million comments over a period of one year. The result consists of 28 country reports and one European summary. According to the results, five pan-European narratives are discussed in all countries. Migration as a security issue, a question of identity, an economic or demographic challenge and a humanitarian issue.
Fear and rejection of migrants and foreigners is so widespread in some European countries that it can be seen as a socially shared norm, while in other countries acceptance of migrants and ethno-racial diversity is a widely-shared value. With the recent wave of mass migration, these dissimilarities in attitudes have moved to the forefront of public discussion, and there is consequently a need for a deeper understanding of cross-national differences.
Please find the full report here.